This article suggests that the issue context is an important source of variation because it can facilitate or hamper the ability of interest groups to lobby decision-makers successfully. In order to test the effect of issue characteristics, this article draws on a new, unprecedented data set of interest group lobbying in the European Union. Using quantitative text analysis to analyse Commission consultations, this article studies lobbying success across interest groups and 56 policy issues.
Definitions As used in this chapter: Actions as defined by this section do not include decisions of quasi-judicial boards in contested cases. A lobbyist who employs another lobbyist shall be required to register and report both as an employer and a lobbyist. B "Gift" does not mean: A to communicate orally or in writing with any legislator or administrative official for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action; B solicitation of others to influence legislative or administrative action; C an attempt to obtain the goodwill of a legislator or administrative official by communications or activities with that legislator or administrative official intended ultimately to influence legislative or administrative action; or D activities sponsored by an employer or lobbyist on behalf of or for the benefit of the members of an interest group, if a principal purpose of the activity is to enable such members to communicate orally with one or more legislators or administrative officials for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action or to obtain their goodwill.
April 30, ; amendedNo. Exempted persons The following persons are exempt from the registration and reporting provisions of this chapter: However, if one of the foregoing individuals or entities contracts with a lobbyist, that person or entity, as well as that lobbyist, shall comply with the provisions of this chapter; 3 the government of the United States, of the State of Vermont, or of any instrumentality, agency, or political subdivision of the foregoing; 4 a person who owns, publishes, or is employed by any news medium while engaged solely in the acquisition or dissemination of news on behalf of the news medium.
Registration of lobbyists and employers; fees a On forms provided by the Secretary of State, every lobbyist shall register with the Secretary of State before, or within 48 hours of, commencing lobbying activities.
A lobbyist shall file a separate registration statement for each of the lobbyist's employers. If an employer engages an additional lobbyist, the employer shall file a supplemental registration statement.
Supplemental lists shall be published monthly during the remainder of the legislative session. On or before March 15 of the first year of each legislative biennium, the Secretary of State shall publish no fewer than booklets containing an alphabetical listing of all registered lobbyists, including, at a minimum, a current passport-type photograph of the lobbyist, the lobbyist's business address, telephone and fax numbers, a list of the lobbyist's clients, and a subject matter index.
April 12, ;No. Reports of expenditures, compensation, and gifts; employers; lobbyists a Every employer and every lobbyist registered or required to be registered under this chapter shall file disclosure reports with the Secretary of State as follows: A Advertising, including television, radio, print, and electronic media.
B Expenses incurred for telemarketing, polling, or similar activities if the activities are intended, designed, or calculated, directly or indirectly, to influence legislative or administrative action.
The report shall specify the amount, the person to whom the amount was paid, and a brief description of the activity. D The total amount of any other lobbying expenditures. The employer shall report the name and address of each lobbyist or lobbying firm to which the employer pays compensation.
It shall be sufficient to include a prorated amount based on the value of the time devoted to lobbying where compensation is to be included for a lobbyist or lobbying firm whose activities under this chapter are incidental to regular employment or other responsibilities to the employer.
With respect to each gift, the employer shall report the date the gift was made, the nature of the gift, the value of the gift, the identity of any legislators or administrative officials who requested the gift, and the identity of any recipients of the gift. Monetary gifts, other than political contributions, shall be prohibited.
It shall be sufficient to include a prorated amount based on the value of the time devoted to lobbying where compensation is to be included for a lobbyist whose activities under this chapter are incidental to other responsibilities to the employer.Jack Abramoff, former lobbyist, discusses the idea of lobbying and when it is and isn't corrupt.
Regulating Lobbying: A Global Comparison.
This book is concerned about comparing how lobby/interest groups are formally regulated throughout the world and the impact this has had, something which is a significant, if not surprising, omission in the literature.
FPPC chair Jodi Remke has called this the “first step” in cracking down on “shadow lobbying,” and has indicated that the agency intends to focus on lobbying compliance in the coming year. California lobbying law recognizes two types of lobbyists: in-house lobbyists, who lobby on behalf of their employer, and contract lobbyists, who lobby for a client.
Lobbying, in the broadest terms, is the practice of petitioning an elected official to achieve a specific political or policy outcome. Lobbyists are people who petition politicians for a living, and it is very much a legitimate career whose roots go very far back in the Republic.
Lobbying Issues obstacles.” Id. Therefore, contributions to the League were not deductible. This disallowance, accordingly, was based not upon the controversial nature of .
The Lobbying Disclosure Act defines “lobbying acts” as: “lobbying contacts and any efforts in support of such contacts, including preparation or planning activities, research, and other background work that is intended, at the time of its preparation, for use in contacts, and coordination with the lobbying .
|Members login||In depth Lobby transparency - in depth Over fifty percent of the laws that govern European Union countries are made in Brussels — they impact on all aspects of life for the EU's million citizens.|
|Lobbying and Gifts to Government Officials | Policy | USC||Interest Group and Lobbying Interest groups are important actors in most political systems. As political parties become more broadly based, their inherent aggregating function means that fewer interests are actually articulated or advocated by the parties.|
|Interest Group and Lobbying||Simply put, it is any actions made by citizens or advocacy groups who seek to make their own agenda understood and preferred by policymakers.|