Project Methodology Examples Download a Methodology Example Essay methodology examples may be easily accessible on the net.
The chapter looked at the research design adopted, research instruments used, the population, the sample, the sampling technique, data collection procedures and data analysis. The chapter ended with a summary. There are some people who feel at ease when responding to a questionnaire than being involved in an interview.
According to Ary et al ; a questionnaire guarantees confidentiality thus perhaps eliciting more truthful responses than would be obtained in an interview. Another advantage is that the tabulation of closed ended responses is an easy Research methodologies essay straight forward process.
A questionnaire is time saving since one obtains data from relatively large samples covering a wide geographical area. The researcher would also easily translate her objectives into specific questions. According to Fowler a low response rate reduces the sample size and may bias the results of the study.
Ary et al ; observes that in questionnaires personal contact is missing and people are more Research methodologies essay to refuse to cooperate.
The illiterate people are left out in a questionnaire hence this reduces the size and diversity of the sample. Ary et al argued that in a questionnaire respondents may misinterpret the question and in some cases the items may not have the same meaning to all respondents.
This scenario is worsened by the fact that there is no room for probing and clarifications for additional details. According to Ary etal a questionnaire is inadequate in understanding emotions and it is difficult to tell how truthful a respondent is. Good questions are hard to write and they take considerable time to develop.
The interviewer used face to face interviews. Mahlase says, an interview refers to a situation in which answers are directly drawn out from the respondents by an interview and usually records responses. The researcher used structured interview guide. The interview enabled the researcher to gather comparable data in surrounding secondary schools under study.
There is room for clarification since questions can be repeated or their meanings explained. The interviewer can also press for relevant additional information when a response seems incomplete or not entirely relevant. In an interview the interviewer has control over the order in which the questions are considered since in some cases it is important for the respondents not to know the nature of later questions because their responses to earlier questions may influence earlier responses.
Interviews supply large volumes of in depth data in a short space of time. They may say want they think the interviewer wants to hear. The interviews are prone to interviewer bias since the interviewer may reward, correct or encourage responses that fit his or her expectations Ary et al through verbal and nonverbal cues.
In an interview there is no anonymity hence the respondents might fail to cooperate fully for fear of victimization. An interview may seem intrusive to the respondent.
It carefully specifies beforehand the categories of behaviors or events under study and under what circumstances they should be assigned to those categories. Observations are then fragmented or coded into more managerial pieces of information which are later aggregated into usable quantifiable data.
Certain phenomenon can be accessed and properly understood only through observation ,for example interaction can be meaningfully assessed and understood only through observation.
Croll observes that ,the presents of the researcher may influence the phenomenon itself. In other words those people under study may change their activities in the presence of the researcher. At times the researcher has to wait until the appropriate event takes place ,hence the exercise will be time consuming and labor intensive.
However the researcher choose this method so that she gets certain behaviors in their natural state. The targeted population was the teachers of mathematics, Heads of mathematics department, Heads of selected schools in Gokwe South central cluster and District officer of Gokwe south central cluster.
The cluster sampling technique was used to select the schools. Among the three schools chosen. Therefore a sample is part of a population.
The purposive sampling technique was adopted. Chiromo posits that ,purposive sampling is a judgemental form of sampling in which the researcher purposely selects certain groups of individuals for their relevance to the issue being studied.
The researcher was interested in the Heads of the schools, Heads of the mathematics departmentthe teachers of mathematics and pupils learning mathematics at ordinary level.
It enables the selection of the key informants on the basis that they understand the challenges faced by teachers in the teaching of mathematics. According to Ary etal purposive sampling also known as judgment sampling, sample elements judged to be typical or representative are chosen from the population.
The assumption is that errors of judgment in the selection will counter balance one another. It is useful in attitude and opinion surveys.The importance of explaining the methodology in a research paper or an essay is that it imparts clarity.
Methodology is just between you and your sources, it is the approach adopted in preparing the paper. Research Methodologies In selecting a research methodology, researchers must approach the subject matter with consideration of that which is desired as a data outcome.
In light of this, the most commonly used methodologies are quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. Research Methodology - The study design and methods chosen to take the same degree, both in real life or experimental research.
To learn more, the analysis of the data collection process took place before the start of the process. The Research Methods Online database contains links to more than , pages of SAGE publisher's book, journal, and reference content on quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methodologies.
Also included is a collection of case studies of social research projects that can be used to help you better understand abstract or complex.
Essay planning and writing for the AS and A Level sociology exams – hints and tips.
The research methods section of the AS sociology (2) exam (research methods and topics in sociology) consists of one short answer question (out of 4 marks) and one essay question (out of 16 marks).
Published: Mon, 5 Dec An overview of the research study with a detailed account of the research design explaining the data sources, methods used, research instrument of data collection, variables included, sample population and sample size is presented in this chapter.