Public opinion essay questions

The good news is that it can be something pretty simple and opinionated obviouslywhich means that you will not need to research a lot of information.

Public opinion essay questions

Public Opinion Essay Public Opinion Essay Public opinion is a collective attitude or preference concerning political issues shaped by a varied and complex interplay of factors. Group membership, personal experience, gender, race, education, class, media, government officials, elites, religion, geographical region, culture, and political ideology all affect socialization and knowledge acquisition that influence and are influenced by public opinion.

Public opinion tends to be stable over time, but historical and catastrophic events, economic or technological changes, personal experiences, and group replacement may cause it to shift. Polling is a primary means to Public opinion essay questions public opinion, and, despite its shortcomings, most agree that polls are invaluable to democratic societies.

Public opinion is vital to the concept and practice of democracy. However, the institutional structure of the U. Staggered elections, gerrymandering, the Electoral College, single-member winner-take-all plurality elections, voting discrimination, a non-elected judicial branch with the power of judicial review, a large non-elected bureaucratic sector, and unequal representation in the Senate are all structures that insulate policy making from public opinion.

Moreover, representatives have no legal obligation to adhere to public opinion. Consequently, many Americans believe their opinions do not matter in policy making.

Media and Public Opinion Most scholarship agrees that the media are central to opinion formation and expression.

The media play a crucial role in that public sphere, especially in large societies like the United States.

Public opinion essay questions

Many scholars since then have documented the significant influence the media have in shaping public opinion. The media perform an agenda-setting function that does not necessarily tell the public what to think but has considerable power to tell the public what to think about.

In short, the media make some issues more salient than others. Numerous studies demonstrate that issues receiving heavy coverage like drugs or crime often become top priorities in opinion polls, but that the news media disproportionately convey the views and interests of those with power.

Corporate conglomerates own and control most mainstream news organizations, and political and economic elites often define and dominate the news. The result is an information system that reflects dominant interests.

In addition to shaping opinion, the media report public sentiments mainly through polling data. Opinion surveys have become so central to politics and the news that many media outlets operate their own polling organizations or frequently commission surveys.

Media use of polling data, however, is selective. Yet polls lack this centrality when the media cover most areas of policy, because, as some scholars argue, public opinion does not coincide with elite preferences.

Furthermore, this point highlights that individuals are not in a passive, vegetative state when consuming the media. They actively construct and interpret information and messages. Elites and Public Opinion Some well-known commentators such as Walter Lippmann believe that the public is best treated as spectators to political life, asserting they hold irrational and conflicting preferences.

Public opinion essay questions

Though they would rarely disclose these sentiments publicly, according to one Pew Research Center survey, the vast majority of policymakers polled agree with Lippmann that the public is incapable of making informed judgments about policy. Other analysts, however, demonstrate, mainly through aggregate polls, that the public often holds more rational or prudent views than most political and economic elites.

Despite declarations to the contrary, policymakers routinely ignore public opinion, especially in areas of economic and foreign policy.

The objective is to minimize potential opposition to policies not supported by the majority of the public rather than to alter the policy. This threatens the very notion of popular sovereignty. Many policy elites rely on the news media and other elites for public opinion rather than polling data.

Scholars argue that the corporate community uses its structural, social, and knowledge advantages to articulate and convey its policy preferences to the public and government.

Through policy-planning, opinion-shaping, and candidate-selection apparatuses, socioeconomic elites ensure more political access and policy responsiveness than the general public.

Collecting Opinion Despite institutional barriers to political participation, technological advances have increased the possibility for greater public involvement in policy making. The United States is one of the most heavily researched societies in terms of public opinion, with the government alone conducting more than a million surveys a year.

However, public opinion is a complex phenomenon and in a society of more than million residents, collecting and ascertaining public opinion is not without its obstacles. All forms of opinion collecting are indications and interventions of public opinion.

Furthermore, some polls construct opinions rather than capture them, because surveys may make an issue more salient than others, thus creating the impression of public importance. Polling may not capture actual public sentiment, since research shows that Americans are misinformed on many policy issues.

Those polled preferred cutting foreign aid spending by half but perceived that it took up nearly 20 percent of the U. In reality, the United States allocates less than 1 percent of its budget to foreign aid.

The paradox for opinion measurement is that those polled prefer drastic cuts while simultaneously advocating massive spending increases. An additional problem is framing.Nov 13,  · Persuasive Essay and Speech Topics By: Mr.

Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay topic, or a teacher looking to assign a persuasive essay, this list of persuasive essay topics is a great resource.I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today’s society, but I believe it was worth the effort.

Essay Questions. Some scholars believe that public opinion is a rational guide to government. Summarize this alternative view.

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Be sure to note the argument made in The Rational Public. Explain the three conditions that must be met if public opinion . When writing the essay, you’ll first need to state your own opinion, then develop evidence to support that opinion.

These reasons and examples (evidence) should convince readers to believe your argument..

Public opinion is a collective attitude or preference concerning political issues shaped by a varied and complex interplay of factors. Group membership, personal experience, gender, race, education, class, media, government officials, elites, religion, geographical region, culture, and political ideology all affect socialization and knowledge acquisition that influence and are influenced by. When writing the essay, you’ll first need to state your own opinion, then develop evidence to support that opinion. These reasons and examples (evidence) should convince readers to believe your argument.. I know this quick definition gives you the basics, but you should know more about persuasive writing before you attempt to write your own essay. Gathering public opinion is a valuable exercise for politicians, marketers, and researchers. There is a term “group opinion” that is used in political science and psychology. A certain group’s opinion is researched in order to ascertain answers to certain questions within particular disciplines.

I know this quick definition gives you the basics, but you should know more about persuasive writing before you attempt to write your own essay. Public opinion can control how policy is implemented for anything that is political in the United States government.

How policy is implemented also controls dollar allocation. Because the United States is a democracy, the people have the ability to influence the government.

Policy implementation is /5(8). - The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics Public opinion is defined in the text as “the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy . Public opinion is a collective attitude or preference concerning political issues shaped by a varied and complex interplay of factors.

Group membership, personal experience, gender, race, education, class, media, government officials, elites, religion, geographical region, culture, and political ideology all affect socialization and knowledge acquisition .

Essay on Public Opinion