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Linguistics[ edit ] Epithets are sometimes attached to a person's name or appear in place of his or her name, as what might be described as a glorified nickname or sobriquet.
An epithet is linked to its noun by long-established usage.
Not every adjective is an epithet. An epithet is especially recognizable when its function is largely decorative, such as if "cloud-gathering Zeus" is employed other than in reference to conjuring up a storm.
Among other things, they are extremely helpful to fill out a half-verse", Walter Burkert has noted. The same epithet can be used repeatedly joined to different names, e. Alexander the Great as well as Constantine the Great.
Other epithets can easily be omitted without serious risk of confusion, and are therefore known again in Latin as epitheton ornans. Thus the classical Roman author Virgil systematically called his Batman and gilgamesh hero pius Aeneas, the epithet being pius, which means religiously observant, humble and wholesome, as well as calling the armsbearer of Aeneas fidus Achates, the epithet being fidus, which means faithful or loyal.
There are also specific types of epithets, such as the kenning which appears in works such as Beowulf. An example of a kenning would be using the term whale-road instead of the word "sea". Literature[ edit ] Epithets are characteristic of the style of ancient epic poetrynotably in that of Homer or the northern European sagas see Batman and gilgamesh, as well as Epithets in Homer.
When James Joyce uses the phrase "the snot-green sea" he is playing on Homer's familiar epithet "the wine-dark sea". The phrase "Discreet Telemachus" is also considered an epithet.
The Greek term antonomasiain rhetoric, means substituting any epithet or phrase for a proper name, as Pelides, signifying the "son of Peleus", to identify Achilles. An opposite substitution of a proper name for some generic term is also sometimes called antonomasia, as a Cicero for an orator.
The use of a father's name or ancestor's name, such as "Pelides" in the case of Achilles, or "Saturnia" in the case of the goddess Juno in Vergil's Aeneid, is specifically called a patronymic device and is in its own class of epithet. In William Shakespeare 's play Romeo and Julietepithets are used in the prologue, used in "star-cross'd lovers" and "death-mark'd love.
They originated to simply serve the purpose of dealing with names that were hard to pronounce or just unpleasant. Religion[ edit ] In many polytheistic religions, such as those of ancient Greece and Rome, a deity's epithets generally reflected a particular aspect of that god's essence and role, for which his influence may be obtained for a specific occasion: Apollo Musagetes is " Apollo[as] leader of the Muses " and therefore patron of the arts and sciences  while Phoibos Apollo is the same deity, but as shining sun-god.
A localizing epithet refers simply to a particular center of veneration and the cultic tradition there, as the god manifested at a particular festival, for example: Often the epithet is the result of fusion of the Olympian divinity with an older one: Poseidon ErechtheusArtemis Orthiareflect intercultural equations of a divinity with an older one, that is generally considered its pendant; thus most Roman gods and goddesses, especially the Twelve Olympianshad traditional counterparts in Greek, Etruscan, and most other Mediterranean pantheons, such as Jupiter as head of the Olympian Gods with Zeusbut in specific cults there may be a different equation, based on one specific aspect of the divinity.
Thus the Greek word Trismegistos: Among the Greeks, T. Price notes  the nurturing power of Kourotrophos might be invoked in sacrifices and recorded in inscription, without specifically identifying Hera or Demeter. Some epithets were applied to several deities of a same pantheon rather accidentally if they had a common characteristic, or deliberately, emphasizing their blood- or other ties; thus in pagan Rome, several divinities gods, and heroes were given the epitheton Comes as companion of another usually major divinity.
An epithet can even be meant for collective use, e. Some epithets resist explanation. These descriptive phrases can be used in a positive or negative way that benefits the orator. The use of persuasive wording gives leverage to one's arguments. Knowledge along with descriptive words or phrases can be a powerful tool.
This is supported in Bryan Short's article when he states, "The New Rhetoric derives its empiricist flavor from a pervasive respect for clarity and directness of language.
Orators have a variety of epithets that they can employ that have different meanings. The most common are fixed epithets and transferred epithets. A fixed epithet is the repetitive use of the same word or phrase for the same person or object.
A transferred epithet qualifies a noun other than the person or thing it is describing. This is also known as a hypallage. This can often involves shifting a modifier from the animate to the inanimate; for example, "cheerful money"and "suicidal sky".LUCI CHRISTIAN Luci Christian is a professional actor living in Houston, Texas.
Internationally known for her voice work, her career also spans stage, television, radio, industrial, and anything else she can book.
Before Posting, Please Read The AVENGERS BOARD RULES (Everything you need to know to post at the AMB.) The Question Of The Moment: Should Avengers have JLA teleporters? Provided Superman doesn't blitz Gilgamesh has a chance.
Gil has access to three main weapons that will affect Supes: Ea, Enkidu and The Gate of Babylon. Spoilers for UBW and Fate/Zero by the way. © Designed for grupobittia.com 2 - Watch Anime Online.
Scroll to Top. Jul 03, · Hello Bane community. Ive edited the original transformation so it longer and better. I did my best and will hopefully be uploading more videos in the future. A listing of the religion of over 1, superheroes, classified in over 50 different religious groups.
The religious affiliation of comic book characters, with an emphasis on characters in Marvel and DC superhero comic books. Detailed, annotated listing of religious superheroes.
Christian comics, Jewish super-heroes, more.