The answer depends a lot on the nationality and specialism of the historian you ask.
Here is some text about this feature Hatch - University of Florida Working Definition: Was there such a thing as the 'Scientific Revolution' -- and if the question makes sense, what is it, or what was it?
Better still, what do historians mean when they speak of the 'Scientific Revolution'? What follows is a modest attempt to clarify basic issues and suggest others that are less obvious. As an introduction to the concept of the Scientific Revolution, the following narrative provides examples that make the story increasingly complex, arguably, it may seem to undermine the very notion of a Scientific Revolution.
In any case, this short essay should be viewed as but one example of how historians more generally think about history. Which is to say, the Scientific Revolution provides an excellent exercise for thinking about how historical periodizations emerge, develop, and mature. Arguably, periodizations serve as paradigms, for students and scholars alike.
They also serve as a forum for debate. Good periodizations foster debate, and the best among them grow more richly problematic, they promote ever more focused research and ever more imaginative and satisfying interpretations of past events.
All students of history confront these kinds of issues. More About the Scientific Revolution A traditional description of the Scientific Revolution would go much further than A history of the scientific revolution opening mini-definition allowed. A good basic description would include some of the following information and inevitably interpretive claims.
Most specialists would agree on the following basic interpretations traditionally associated with the 'Scientific Revolution' As we have said, in European history the term 'Scientific Revolution' refers to the period between Copernicus and Newton.
But the chronological period has varied dramatically over the last 50 years. The broadest period acknowledged usually runs from Nicholas Copernicus and his De Revolutionibus to Isaac Newton Some historians have cut this back, claiming that it properly extends only to the publication of Newton's Principia or to his Opticks or to Newton's death More radical proposals have suggested that the Scientific Revolution might apply to the so-called Enlightenment 'Newtonians' thus extending to roughly Further, as we shall see below, some historians have cut back the earlier period.
Some have all but removed Copernicus from their chronological definition, claiming that the 'Copernican Revolution' virtually began and ended in with the work of Galileo and Kepler.
Historians have consistently disputed the presumed beginning and ending dates of the much-disputed 'Scientific Revolution'. Most historians agree, however, that the traditional interpretation which has its own history was based on belief in a core transformation which began in cosmology and astronomy and then shifted to physics some historians have argued that there were parallel developments in anatomy and physiology, represented by Vesalius and Harvey.
The learned view of things in 16th-century thought was that the world was composed of Four Qualities Aristotle's Earth, Water, Air, Fire. By contrast, Newton's learned contemporaries believed that the world was made of atoms or corpuscles small material bodies.
By Newton's day most of learned Europe believed the earth moved, that there was no such thing as demonic possession, that claims to knowledge so the story goes should be based on the authority of our individual experience, that is, on argument and sensory evidence.
The motto of the Royal Society of London was: Nullius in Verba, roughly, Accept nothing on the basis of words or someone else's authority.
Further Complexity for the Scientific Revolution As a periodization, the Scientific Revolution has grown increasingly complex. As it has attempted to take account of new research and alternative perspectives, new additions and alterations have been made.
Among the most obvious additions over the last 50 years have been a number of sub-periodizations that have been spawned by more narrow research topics, usually from a more focused topical theme or from a more narrow chronological period.
Among these sub-periodizations, the more widely accepted include: These developments involve changing conceptual, cultural, social, and institutional relationships involving nature, knowledge and belief. As mentioned, specialist do not agree on the exact dates of the Scientific Revolution.
Generally speaking, most scholars have reduced or entirely denied the earliest years of the Scientific Revolution, usually associated with what has been long known as the 'Copernican Revolution'.
One noted historian, for example, has argued that if there was a Copernican Revolution, then it began and ended in with the work of Galileo and Kepler. Other specialists, emphasizing the development of key conceptual elements, have suggested that the key period of the Scientific Revolution was Other scholars, specializing in social and institutional elements, have suggested that the period after was critical, as it was then that scientific periodicals and state-sponsored science emerged.
Additional Details - The Scientific Revolution As we have said, a strong traditional claim is that the Scientific Revolution stands for a series of changes that stemmed from Copernicus' bold claim that the earth moves.
This claim clearly ran contrary to tradition, to the authority of the Ancients and to established views in the universities and most church officials.Steven Shapin is the Franklin L. Ford Research Professor of the History of Science at Harvard University. His books include Leviathan and the Air-Pump (with Simon Schaffer), A Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in Seventeenth-Century England, and The Scientific Life: A Moral History of a Late Modern Vocation.
The Scientific Revolution. The scientific revolution was the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy), and chemistry transformed societal views about nature.
In this fascinating history spanning continents and centuries, historian David Wootton offers a lively defense of science, revealing why the Scientific Revolution was truly the greatest event in our grupobittia.coms: Scientific Revolution - A diverse and engaging introduction to the Scientific Revolution prepared by a University of Florida historian.
The provides an overview and background to the Scientific Revolution, bibliographic essays, outlines, timelines, a glossary, biographies of major sources, well organized links to primary and secondary sources, manuscript and archive sources, and books on-line.
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.
The Invention of Science: A New History of the Scientific Revolution by David Wootton review – a big bang moment The birth of science in Europe was the greatest revolution of all, argues this.