A series of graphics that illustrate how opinion differs among various demographic groups.
Current legal status nationwide[ edit ] Abortion laws in the U. Parental notification or consent not required One parent must be informed beforehand Both parents must be informed beforehand One parent must consent beforehand Both parents must consent beforehand One parent must consent and be informed beforehand Parental notification law currently enjoined Parental consent law currently enjoined Mandatory waiting period laws in the U.
No mandatory waiting period Waiting period of less than 24 hours Waiting period of 24 hours or more Waiting period law currently enjoined Abortion counseling laws in the U. Must offer to display image. If ultrasound is performed, must offer to display image.
Fetal homicide laws in the fifty states "Homicide" or "murder". Depends on age of fetus. No law on feticide. The current judicial interpretation of the U.
Constitution regarding abortion in the United Statesfollowing the Supreme Court of the United States landmark decision in Roe v. Wadeand subsequent companion decisions, is that abortion is legal but may be restricted by the states to varying degrees.
States have passed laws to restrict late term abortions, require parental notification for minors, and mandate the disclosure of abortion risk information to patients prior to the procedure. Constitution is the Fourteenth Amendmentwhich states that All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Thus, the [Judiciary] Committee observes that no significant legal barriers of any kind whatsoever exist today in the United States for a woman to obtain an abortion for any reason during any stage of her pregnancy. In the majority opinion delivered by the court in Roe v. Viability is usually placed at about seven months 28 weeks, approx.
These scientific achievements, while life-saving for premature babies, have made the determination of being "viable" somewhat more complicated. The youngest child thought to have survived a premature birth in the United States was Amillia Taylor born on 24 October in MiamiFloridaat 21 weeks and 6 days gestational age, approx.
However, in terms of other aspects such as government funding, privacy for non-adults, or geographical access, some U. In most European countries abortion on-demand is allowed only during the first trimester, with abortions during later stages of pregnancy being allowed only for specific reasons e.
The reasons that can be invoked by a woman seeking an abortion after the first trimester vary by country, for instance, some countries, such as Denmark, provide a wide range of reasons, including social and economic ones.
In many countries the right to abortion has been legalized by respective parliaments, while in the U. Because of the split between federal and state law, legal access to abortion continues to vary somewhat by state. Geographic availability, however, varies dramatically, with 87 percent of U.
For this reason, the old trimester formula was ruled obsolete, with a new focus on viability of the fetus. Sinceled by Congressional Republicansthe U. House of Representatives and U. Senate have moved several times to pass measures banning the procedure of intact dilation and extractionalso commonly known as partial birth abortion.History of Abortion and the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed a law against abortion in Abortion practices continued in the United States and were practiced by abortion providers, as opposed to regular doctors.
In the United States, the history of abortion goes back much farther than the Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade, which made abortion legal and marked an important turning point in public health policy.
Abortion in the United States has been, and remains, a controversial issue in United States culture and politics. Various anti-abortion laws have been in force in each state since at least Before the U.S. Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade decriminalised abortion nationwide in , abortion was already legal in several states, but the decision imposed a uniform framework for state.
Much of what is known about the methods and practice of abortion in Greek and Roman history comes from early classical texts. Abortion, as a gynecological procedure, was primarily the province of women who were either midwives or well-informed laypeople.
Bolton, states have constructed a lattice work of abortion law, codifying, regulating and limiting whether, when and under what circumstances a woman may obtain an abortion.
The following table highlights the major provisions of these state laws. Women around the world have used abortion to control their reproduction at every point in history, and in every known society — regardless of its legality. In the United States, abortion was widely practiced before about , by which time most states had banned it except to save the life of the woman.